Analysis of Supersonic Jet Thrust with Fluidic Injection
Paper in proceedings, 2014
Considerable focus on noise abatement for aircraft has spawned various noise control devices, passive and active. Aircraft and propulsion system design now has the additional criteria of acoustic performance to consider among many other criteria in advanced flight vehicle design. It is essential to consider the effect that noise control methods have on the performance of the propulsion device and overall effect on system performance. Thrust calculated from measurements and LES are compared for a Md = 1.56 jet at various operating conditions for validation. Experimental measurements on the baseline supersonic jet are used to validate computational results for the pressure and momentum thrust components. Thrust for various fluidic injection configurations are evaluated using computational results from the highly three dimensional flowfield. Analysis and discussion of requirements for fluidic injection air are provided to develop a complete system approach to aid design of fluidic injection systems. Fluidic injection decreases momentum thrust by creating axial velocity deficits in the region of injection. Pressure thrust is increased from local pressure rise from the injectors and area control at the nozzle exit. Fluidic injection increases total thrust as the pressure thrust gains are greater than the momentum thrust deficits. Specific thrust is reduced slightly with 6 injectors being a more efficient use of the injection air with greater noise reduction.
Supersonic Jet Noise