Modeling and Linearization of Multi-Antenna Transmitters Using Over-the-Air Measurements
Paper in proceedings, 2018
In this paper, we present a technique to model and linearize a multi-antenna transmitter using only a small set of observation receivers that perform over-the-air measurements. We assume that the transmitter suffers from distortion due to power amplifier (PA) nonlinearities but not from crosstalk. By avoiding the use of an observation receiver in every transmitter branch, the hardware complexity and cost of multi-antenna transmitters can be reduced. First, equations are developed to extract PA models from observation receivers. Based on the extracted PA models, predistorters can then be identified for every transmit branch. We present simulation results that demonstrate that it is indeed possible to model and linearize a set of PAs using only one single observation receiver.