Incorporation of Designed Donor−Acceptor−Donor Segments in a Host Polymer for Strong Near-Infrared Emission from a Large-Area Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cell
Journal article, 2018

Cost-efficient thin-film devices that emit in the nearinfrared (NIR) range promise a wide range of important applications. Here, the synthesis and NIR application of a series of copolymers comprising poly[indacenodithieno[3,2-b]thiophene-2,8-diyl] (PIDTT) as the host and different donor−acceptor−donor (DAD) segments as the guest are reported. We find that a key design criterion for efficient solid-state host-to-guest energy transfer is that the DAD conformation is compatible with the conformation of the host. Such host−guest copolymers are evaluated as the emitter in light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) and organic light-emitting diodes, and the best performance is invariably attained from the LEC devices because of the observed balanced electrochemical doping that alleviates issues with a noncentered emission zone. An LEC device comprising a host−guest copolymer with 4,4-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-4H-silolo[3,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene as the donor and benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole as the acceptor delivers an impressive near-infrared (NIR) performance in the form of a high radiance of 1458 μW/cm2 at a peak wavelength of 725 nm when driven by a current density of 500 mA/cm2, a second-fast turn-on, and a good stress stability as manifested in a constant radiance output during 3 days of uninterrupted operation. The high-molecular-weight copolymer features excellent processability, and the potential for low-cost and scalable NIR applications is verified through a spray-coating fabrication of a >40 cm2 large-area device, which emits intense and uniform NIR light at a low drive voltage of 4.5 V.

NIR

near-infrared

large-area device

light-emitting electrochemical cell

LEC

solution processing

copolymer

Author

Petri Henrik Murto

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Polymer Technology

Flinders University

Shi Tang

LunaLEC AB

Umeå University

Christian Larsen

LunaLEC AB

Umeå University

Xiaofeng Xu

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Polymer Technology

Andreas Sandström

LunaLEC AB

Juuso Pietarinen

Oulun Yliopisto

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry

Benedikt Bagemihl

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry

Birhan A. Abdulahi

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry

Addis Ababa University

Wendimagegn Mammo

Addis Ababa University

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry

Mats Andersson

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry

Flinders University

Ergang Wang

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Applied Chemistry, Ergang Wang Group

Ludvig Edman

LunaLEC AB

Umeå University

ACS Applied Energy Materials

2574-0962 (ISSN)

Vol. 1 4 1753-1761

Subject Categories

Polymer Chemistry

Materials Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Condensed Matter Physics

DOI

10.1021/acsaem.8b00283

More information

Latest update

3/28/2019