The moderating role of transport chain location in cargo theft risk
Journal article, 2019
Purpose - The purpose of this study is to explore cargo theft risk and security for different product types at different locations along a transport chain.
Design/methodology/approach - This study is based on a system-theoretical approach. The research method is deductive, as the analysis is based on secondary data and results from a questionnaire. The results are analysed based on supply chain risk management (SCRM) theories.
Findings - Due to substantial interaction effects, the type of product and transport chain location must be considered to determine the correct level of security. Specifically, the product type is more significant, since the general cargo theft risk is higher. Furthermore, the transport industry has three perspectives on security responses to cargo theft: demanded, needed, and actual security, which differ depending on the product type and transport chain location.
Research limitations/implications - This database is structured according to the global Transported Asset Protection Association organizational structure, which implies that there are three main databases: Europe, Middle East, and Africa; Americas; and Asia-Pacific.
Practical implications - This study has both research and practical implications, as it examines security within freight transport from three perspectives, linked to general cargo theft risk and goods owners’ requirements.
Originality/value - This study addresses the contemporary SCRM problem of cargo theft using actual crime statistics and the industry understanding of required generic security levels.