Neutronic simulation of fuel assembly vibrations in a nuclear reactor
Paper in proceedings, 2019
The mechanical vibrations of fuel assemblies have been shown to give rise to high levels of neutron noise, triggering in some circumstances the necessity to operate nuclear reactors at a reduced power level. This work simulates and analyses the effect in the neutron field of the oscillation of one single fuel assembly without considering thermal-hydraulic feedback. The amplitude of the fuel assembly vibration ranges from 0 to 1 millimetres and this implies the use of fine meshes and accurate numerical solvers. Results show two different effects in the neutron field caused by the fuel assembly vibration. First, a global slow variation of the total neutron power due to a change in the criticality of the system. Second, an in-phase change in the neutron flux with the assembly vibration. This second effect is more important and has a strong spatial dependence. This paper shows a comparison between a time domain analysis and a frequency domain analysis of the phenomena, in order to validate the time domain solution against the frequency domain solution. Numerical results shows a really close match between these two approaches.
fuel assembly vibrations