Space Charge Accumulation at Material Interfaces in HVDC Cable Insulation Part II—Simulations of Charge Transport
Journal article, 2020
Extruded high voltage direct current (HVDC) cable systems contain interfaces with poorly understood microscopic properties, particularly surface roughness. Modelling the effect of roughness on conduction in cable insulation is challenging, as the available results of macroscopic measurements give little information about microscopic charge distributions at material interfaces. In this work, macroscopic charge injection from interfaces is assessed by using a bipolar charge transport model, which is validated against a series of space charge measurements on cable peelings with different degrees of surface roughness. The electric field-dependent conduction and charge trapping effects stimulated by the injection current originating from rough surfaces are assessed. It is shown that by accounting for roughness enhanced charge injection with the parameters derived in part I of the paper, reasonable agreement between computed and measured results can be achieved at medium field strengths (10–40 kV/mm).
roughness enhanced charge injection
bipolar charge transport