Towards safe human robot collaboration - Risk assessment of intelligent automation
Paper in proceedings, 2020

Automation and robotics are two enablers for developing the Smart Factory of the Future, which is based on intelligent machines and collaboration between robots and humans. Especially in final assembly and its material handling, where traditional automation is challenging to use, collaborative robot (cobot) systems may increase the flexibility needed infuture production systems. A major obstacle to deploy a truly collaborative application is to design and implement a safe and efficient interaction between humans and robot systems while maintaining industrial requirements such as cost and productivity. Advanced and intelligent control strategies is the enabler when creating this safe, yet efficient, system, but is often hard to design and build.

This paper highlights and discusses the challenges in meeting safety requirements according to current safety standards, starting with the mandatory risk assessment and then applying risk reduction measures, when transforming a typical manual final assembly station into an intelligent collaborative station. An important conclusion is that current safety standards and requirements must be updated and improved and the current collaborative modes defined by the standards community should be extended with a new mode, which in this paper is refereed tothedeliberative planning and acting mode.

operator education and training

safetystandards

Human-robot Interaction

safe interaction

HRC

HRI

deliber-ation

ISO/TS 15066

Author

Atieh Hanna

Volvo Group

Kristofer Bengtsson

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Systems and control, Automation

Per-Lage Götvall

Volvo Group

Mikael Ekström

Mälardalens högskola

IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, ETFA

Vol. 2020-September 424-431 9212127

IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, ETFA
Vienna, Austria,

Virtual Commissioning of Vehicle Maintenance Operations, UNIFICATION

VINNOVA, 2017-06-01 -- 2020-05-31.

Subject Categories

Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Embedded Systems

Robotics

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Production

DOI

10.1109/ETFA46521.2020.9212127

ISBN

9781728189567

More information

Latest update

1/7/2021 8