Effect of Compaction Banding on the Hydraulic Properties of Porous Rock - Part II: Constitutive Description and Numerical Simulations
Journal article, 2021
In this paper the performance of a constitutive model for the description of the hydro mechanical behaviour of soft rock is evaluated with respect to the experimentally observed behaviour of Maastricht Calcarenite under different stress states that is presented in the companion paper. The mechanical model is elasto-plastic and consists of an associated yield surface, internal variables for the description of the hardening and softening behaviour and a non-local extension for the simulation of strain localization in form of shear bands and compaction bands. The model is implemented in the software ABAQUS and the laboratory results from the tests under dry condition with Maastricht Calcarenite are used for the calibration. The good agreement of the numerical results with the laboratory results is shown and the suitability of the model is discussed. To describe the effect of compaction bands on the permeability of soft rocks a simple analytical model based on the Kozeny-Carman equation is proposed and calibrated with the experimental results from drained tests under different stress states for Maastricht Calcarenite rock material. As the results are in good accordance with the experimental results, the model is implemented in the software ABAQUS and the numerical results are presented and discussed. Finally the performance of the model is evaluated and possible improvements are suggested.