The mechanical behavior of polylactic acid (PLA) films: fabrication, experiments and modelling
Journal article, 2021

Polylactic acid (PLA) is one of the highly applicable bio-polymers in a wide variety of applications including medical fields and packaging. In order to quantitatively model the mechanical behaviour of PLA and PLA based bio-composite materials, and also tailor new bio-composites, it is required to characterize the mechanical behaviour of PLA. In this study, thin films of PLA are fabricated via hot-pressing and tensile experiments are performed under different strain rates. To model the mechanical behaviour, an elasto-viscoplastic constitutive model, developed in a finite strain setting, is adopted and calibrated. Using the physically based constitutive model, all regimes of deformation under uniaxial stress state, including post-yield softening, were adequately captured in the simulations. Also, the rate dependency of the stress-strain behaviour was properly modelled.

Mechanical behaviour


Thin films

Polylactic acid


Mohsen Mirkhalaf

University of Gothenburg

Martin Fagerström

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials

1385-2000 (ISSN)

Vol. 25 2 119-131

Subject Categories

Applied Mechanics

Polymer Technologies

Other Materials Engineering



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