Multidimensional sampling of isotropically bandlimited signals
Journal article, 2018
A new lower bound on the average reconstruction error variance of multidimensional sampling and reconstruction is presented. It applies to sampling on arbitrary lattices in arbitrary dimensions, assuming a stochastic process with constant, isotropically bandlimited spectrum and reconstruction by the best linear interpolator. The lower bound is exact for any lattice at sufficiently high and low sampling rates. The two threshold rates where the error variance deviates from the lower bound gives two optimality criteria for sampling lattices. It is proved that at low rates, near the first threshold, the optimal lattice is the dual of the best sphere-covering lattice, which for the first time establishes a rigorous relation between optimal sampling and optimal sphere covering. A previously known result is confirmed at high rates, near the second threshold, namely, that the optimal lattice is the dual of the best sphere-packing lattice. Numerical results quantify the performance of various lattices for sampling and support the theoretical optimality criteria.
multidimensional signal processing