Effect of Nanopowder Addition on the Sintering of Water-Atomized Iron Powder
Journal article, 2020

A promising method of improving the densification of powder metallurgical steel components is to blend nanopowder with the otherwise typically used micrometre-sized powder. The higher surface-to-volume ratio of nanopowder is hypothesized to accelerate the sintering process and increase the inter-particle contact area between the powder particles. This is supposed to enhance the material transport and improve the densification. In the present investigation, water-atomized iron powder (− 45 μm) was mixed separately with pure iron and low-carbon steel nanopowder, each at a ratio of 95 to 5 pct. These powder mixes were compacted at different pressures (400, 600 and 800 MPa) and then sintered at 1350 °C in a pure hydrogen atmosphere. The sintering behavior of the powder blend compacts was compared to that of the compact with micrometre-sized powder only. Densification commenced at much lower temperatures in the presence of nanopowder. To understand this, sintering at intermittent temperatures such as 500 °C and 700 °C was conducted. The fracture surface revealed that the nanopowder was sintered at between 500 °C and 700 °C, which in turn contributed to the densification of the powder mix at the lower temperature range. Based on the sintering experiments, an attempt was made to calculate the activation energy and identify the associated sinter mechanism using two different approaches. It was shown that the first approach yielded values in agreement with the grain-boundary diffusion mechanism. As the nanopowder content increased, there was an increase in linear shrinkage during sintering.

Author

Swathi Kiranmayee Manchili

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Materials and manufacture

Johan Wendel

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Materials and manufacture

Abdelhafid Zehri

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Electronics Material and Systems Laboratory

Johan Liu

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Electronics Material and Systems Laboratory

Eduard Hryha

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Materials and manufacture

Lars Nyborg

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Materials and manufacture

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science

1073-5623 (ISSN)

Vol. 51 9 4890-4901

Subject Categories

Applied Mechanics

Other Materials Engineering

Metallurgy and Metallic Materials

DOI

10.1007/s11661-020-05891-1

More information

Latest update

9/9/2020 1