EBSD an EDX analysis at the cladding-substrate interface of a laser clad railway wheel
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2006

Electron backscatter diffraction technique and energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry were used to investigate the intermixed interface produced during laser cladding of Co–Cr–Mo alloy on a steel substrate. A multi-component system and rapid solidification conditions together lead to a complex microstructure at the interface. The solidification of the cladding starts with the formation of an interface layer, which is about 75 m in thickness and consists of randomly oriented equiaxed grains of Co–Cr–Fe solid solution and martensite. Orientation analysis of the grains in the interface layer revealed that some grains have a special orientation relationship with the former austenite grains in the heat affected zone but the cladding is not formed by epitaxial growth on the substrate. Intermixing of the materials at the interface is providing a strong bond between the substrate and the cladding. For a grain from interface layer to emerge as columnar grain in the cladding, it was determined that its <001> crystallographic direction is not supposed to deviate more than 25 from the sample normal direction.


Nishiyama-Wassermann relationship


Laser cladding



Muhammad Umar Farooq

Chalmers, Material- och tillverkningsteknik, Yt- och mikrostrukturteknik

Uta Klement

Chalmers, Material- och tillverkningsteknik, Yt- och mikrostrukturteknik

Gert Nolze

International Journal of Materials Research

Vol. 97 11 1512-1518


Annan materialteknik

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