On the relativistic large-angle electron collision operator for runaway avalanches in plasmas
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Large-angle Coulomb collisions lead to an avalanching generation of runaway electrons in a plasma. We present the first fully conservative large-angle collision operator, derived from the relativistic Boltzmann operator. The relation to previous models for large-angle collisions is investigated, and their validity assessed. We present a form of the generalized collision operator which is suitable for implementation in a numerical kinetic-equation solver, and demonstrate the effect on the runaway-electron growth rate. Finally we consider the reverse avalanche effect, where runaways are slowed down by large-angle collisions, and show that the choice of operator is important if the electric field is close to the avalanche threshold.

Författare

Ola Embréus

Chalmers, Fysik, Subatomär fysik och plasmafysik

Adam Stahl

Chalmers, Fysik, Subatomär fysik och plasmafysik

Tünde Fülöp

Chalmers, Fysik, Subatomär fysik och plasmafysik

Journal of Plasma Physics

0022-3778 (ISSN) 1469-7807 (eISSN)

Vol. 84 905840102-

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Energi

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

Ämneskategorier

Fusion, plasma och rymdfysik

DOI

10.1017/S002237781700099X