Transmission Loss in Coplanar Waveguide and Planar Goubau Line between 0.75 THz and 1.1 THz
Paper i proceeding, 2018
In many cases, metallic planar waveguides are required in the design of integrated circuits. However, at terahertz frequencies, metallic planar waveguides present high losses, which make necessary the use more efficient waveguides to avoid power limitations. In this work, the attenuation constant of two popular planar waveguides for terahertz frequencies, Coplanar Waveguide (CPW) and Planar Goubau Line (PGL), are compared between 0.75 THz and 1.1 THz. To measure the PGL, its transition is deembeded using a multiline Thru-Reflect-Line calibration standard. Measurement results show a lower attenuation constant across the band for a PGL (0.13 mm-1 < α < 0.39 mm-1) than for a CPW (0.68 mm-1 < α < 0.99 mm-1) when an ultra-thin substrate is used suspended in air, which greatly reduces the substrate mode coupling from the PGL. These results put the PGL as a less lossy metallic planar waveguide for terahertz applications.