Towards Occupant Protections for Both Men and Women
Paper i proceeding, 2019

Abstract. The susceptibility of female occupants to Whiplash Associated Disorders (WADs) has been the focus over the past decades. To improve occupant protections, it is required to understand how gender differences affect the WAD injury mechanisms. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential impact of the whole spinal alignment on the cervical vertebral kine- matics and ligament elongation during a rear impact by analysing rear impact reconstruction simulations. The simulations demonstrated a potential impact of gender differences in whole spinal alignment on cervical vertebral kinematics and ligament elongations. It seems that the average female spinal alignment may expose women to larger deformation of the cervical soft tissues considered related to WAD, due to greater cervical vertebral kinematics, compared to the average male spinal alignment. The findings highlight the importance of the whole spinal alignment when developing female models to evaluate WAD countermeasures, and may thus improve occupant protection for women as well as men.

Automotive seated posture 􏰀 Cervical vertebral kinematics 􏰀 Female 􏰀 Finite element analysis 􏰀 Neck injury 􏰀 Occupant 􏰀 Rear impact 􏰀 Spinal alignment 􏰀 Whiplash

Författare

Fusako Sato Sakayachi

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet

Karin Brolin

Personskadeprevention

Mats Svensson

Personskadeprevention

Astrid Linder

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Fordonssäkerhet

Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Additive Manufacturing, Modeling Systems and 3D Prototyping

2194-5357 (ISSN) 2194-5365 (eISSN)

603-615

AHFE: International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics
Washington D.C., USA,

Ämneskategorier

Genusstudier

Medicinsk ergonomi

Farkostteknik

Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Transport

DOI

10.1007/978-3-030-20216-3

Mer information

Skapat

2019-07-05