A semi-empirical model for ship speed loss prediction at head sea and its validation by full-scale measurements
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020
This paper proposes a semi-empirical model to estimate a ship’s speed loss at head sea. In the model, the formulas to estimate a ship’s added resistance due to waves have been further developed to better consider the ship hull forms, in addition to other main particulars. Based on the model experimental tests of 11 ships in regular head waves, the new formulas have more flexible forms and can better fit the test results than other similar models. In addition, this model proposes a significant wave height based correction factor multiplied to the conventional integration to compute wave resistance in irregular waves. This factor is supposed to consider the impact of coupled ship motions in high waves on a ship’s added resistance due to waves. The model is validated by the full-scale measurement from two vessels, a PCTC and a chemical tanker. The encountered weather conditions along the sailing routes are extracted from the reanalysis metocean data. The results indicate that the proposed model can provide quite accurate predictions of ship speed loss in head sea operations.
Added resistance due to waves