Experimental and numerical flow analysis of an engine-realistic state-of-the-art turbine rear structure
Paper i proceeding, 2021

This paper presents experimental and numerical CFD studies of the aerodynamics of a turbine rear structure (TRS). The TRS test geometry is an engine-realistic state-of-the-art design with a polygonal outer case, recessed engine mount bumps, and three different vane types: regular vanes, bump vanes in bump sectors, and thick vanes. Using three different sector types simultaneously was found to be crucial for the inlet boundary conditions. Experiments were performed in a modern rotating test facility with an LPT stage upstream of the TRS. A Reynolds number of 350,000 was used, representative of a TRS in a narrow-body geared turbofan engine. The TRS performance was analyzed both at on- and off-design conditions and a thorough side-by-side comparison of CFD and experiments was performed. Static-pressure-distributions, turning and outlet flow-angles, wakes and losses, and surface-flow visualizations and outlet total pressure contours are presented. The thick vane showed good aerodynamic performance, similar to the regular vane. For the bump vane, the mount bumps were found to generate additional local separations and secondary flows, resulting in extra losses. In the regions with strong secondary flows CFD over-predicts the wakes, whereas the wakes around midspan, where secondary flows have a smaller influence, are predicted well.

TRF

bumps

polygonal shroud

low-pressure turbine

TBH

turbine exhaust casing

engine mount recess

turbine rear frame

exit guide vane

turbine rear structure

CFD

TEC

outlet guide vane

tail bearing housing

Författare

Valentin Vikhorev

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Pär Nylander

GKN Aerospace Sweden

Valery Chernoray

Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, Strömningslära

Jonas Larsson

GKN Aerospace Sweden

Oskar Thulin

GKN Aerospace Sweden

Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2021 Virtual Conference and Exhibition

ASME Turbo Expo 2021 Virtual Conference and Exhibition
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Experimentell aerotermisk studie av nästa generations flygmotorkomponenter

Europeiska kommissionen (EU) (821398), 2018-10-01 -- 2021-03-31.

Drivkrafter

Hållbar utveckling

Styrkeområden

Transport

Ämneskategorier

Rymd- och flygteknik

Energiteknik

Strömningsmekanik och akustik

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

Infrastruktur

Chalmers strömningslaboratorium

Mer information

Skapat

2021-09-14