Modeling of recycling
Research Project , 2019 – 2020

The project aims at analyzing and debating how recycling should be modeled in life cycle assessment (LCA) and similar environmental assessments, as well as contributing to international harmonization processes such as the international LCA standard and the EU guidelines for Product Environmental Footprint. The method for modeling material recycling can have a decisive impact on the environmental assessment of products with a high content of recycled material or that is recycled after use. How recycling should be modeled in LCA has been discussed since the 90's but no consensus has yet been reached. Through this project, Swedish companies, researchers and authorities can influence and contribute to the international development in the field, aiming at improving incentives for recycling, environmental assessments, and policies. The project is conducted within the competence center Swedish Life Cycle Center and is supported by several partners in and beyond the center.


Tomas Ekvall (contact)

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, Environmental Systems Analysis

Maria Rydberg

Chalmers, Technology Management and Economics, TME verksamhetsstöd


IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

Stockholm, Sweden

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Stockholm, Sweden

Swedish Life Cycle Center

Göteborg, Sweden


Swedish Energy Agency

Project ID: 47270-1
Funding Chalmers participation during 2019–2020

Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure

Sustainable development

Driving Forces


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