Preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis of the secreted chorismate mutase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A tricky crystallization problem solved
Journal article, 2006
Chorismate mutase catalyzes the conversion of chorismate to prephenate in the biosynthesis of the aromatic amino acids tyrosine and phenylalanine in bacteria, fungi and plants. Here, the crystallization of the unusual secreted chorismate mutase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (encoded by Rv1885c), a 37.2 kDa dimeric protein belonging to the AroQγ subclass of mutases, is reported. Crystal optimization was non-trivial and is discussed in detail. To obtain crystals of sufficient quality, it was critical to initiate crystallization at higher precipitant concentration and then transfer the drops to lower precipitant concentrations within 5-15 min, in an adaptation of a previously described technique [Saridakis & Chayen (2000), Protein Sci. 9, 755-757]. As a result of the optimization, diffraction improved from 3.5 to 1.3 Å resolution. The crystals belong to space group P21, with unit-cell parameters a = 42.6, b = 72.6, c = 62.0 Å., β = 104.5°. The asymmetric unit contains one biological dimer, with 167 amino acids per protomer. A soak with a transition-state analogue is also described.