A theory of economic growth with material/energy resources and dematerialization: Interaction of three growth mechanisms
Journal article, 2005

The nature of energy and material resources in a non-optimizing growth theory framework is clarified. This involves two modifications of the conventional theory. Firstly, multiple feedback mechanisms or "growth engines" are identified, such that the impact of the cost of production through demand on growth is accounted for. Secondly, a production function distinguishes between resource use, technical efficiency, and value creation. The resulting model is analytically solved under the condition of a constant growth rate. Given model complexity, numerical experiments are performed as well, providing relevant insights to the academic and political debates on 'environmental Kuznets curves' and 'dematerialization.'


Robert U. Ayres

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Physical Resource Theory

J. C. J. M. Van Den Bergh

Free University of Amsterdam

Ecological Economics

0921-8009 (ISSN)

Vol. 55 1 96-118

Subject Categories

Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified



More information

Latest update

3/6/2018 9