Conditional mixing statistics in a self-siminar scalar mixing layer
Journal article, 2005
Conditional scalar mixing statistics from a three-dimensional direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a scalar mixing layer are presented in the context of modeling nonpremixed turbulent combustion. The simulation is closely matched to a particular laboratory experiment but with slight adjustments so that the simulated flow is very nearly self-similar. All statistics commonly used in mixing models are presented, along with comparisons to models and laboratory data where available. A model for the conditional scalar dissipation rate (CSD), recently introduced by Mortensen ["Consistent modeling of scalar mixing for presumed multiple parameter probability density functions," Phys. Fluids 17, 018106 (2005)], is tested against the data set, as is a Lagrangian stochastic trajectory technique recently published by Sawford ["Conditional scalar mixing statistics in homogenous isotropic turbulence," New J. Phys. 6, 1 (2004)]. It is concluded that (i) the DNS data set provides an excellent, high-resolution description of the scalar mixing layer that can be used for developing and verifying models for scalar mixing; (ii) the self-consistent CSD model of Mortensen is necessary for consistent implementations of the conditional moment closure, but for the current flow it gives only small adjustments to the more commonly adopted model of Girimaji ["On the modeling of scalar diffusion in isotropic turbulence," Phys. Fluids A 4, 2529 (1992)]; and (iii) Sawford's Lagrangian technique very closely predicts the DNS results.