The Influence of Temperature on Oxide-Scale Formation during Erosion--Corrosion
Journal article, 2005
Four steels (Fe2.25Cr1Mo, Fe9Cr1Mo, AISI 304, 353 MA) and one Nibased superalloy (Inconel 625) were exposed in an erosion-corrosion test rig at the temperatures 20, 350, 550 and 700°C for 1 week. The atmosphere was air and the particle velocity 1.2 m/s. The composition and thickness of the developed surface layers were determined by Auger electron spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The ferritic and Ni-based alloys investigated show a minimum in wastage rate around 350°C due to the development of a particle strengthened/toughened composite layer on the surface. The greatest wastage rates were measured at 700°C. Rapid diffusion paths created in the oxide from the particle bombardment results in the growth of oxide nodules at the oxide/metal-interface causing protruding oxide flakes which are chipped away. At this temperature the ferritic steel Fe9Cr1Mo is degraded to a larger extent than the austenitic steels.