Characterisation of Titanium Dental Implants. II: Local Biomechanical Model
Journal article, 2010
A theoretical model for estimation of the bone-to-implant interfacial shear strength induced by implant surface roughness has been developed. Two different assumptions regarding the constitutive behaviour of the interfacial bone were made. 1) The bone exhibits an ideally plastic deformation – the plastic mode. 2) The bone exhibits a linearly elastic deformation – the elastic mode. In the plastic mode it was found that the estimated interfacial shear strength was directly proportional to the 2D surface roughness parameter mean slope. For the elastic mode a new 2D surface roughness parameter was defined. With this parameter a direct proportionality between parameter value and estimated interfacial shear strength was also obtained in the elastic mode. The model was extended into 3D mode. The model was used to evaluate topographies of implant surfaces. The calculated results showed a similar trend to interfacial shear strength results reported in vivo.
surface roughness parameters
titanium dental implants
Interfacial shear strength