Circulating Air Classification of Manufactured Sand
Paper in proceedings, 2010
Due to environmental concerns, the supply and use of natural gravel has been limited by the Swedish
government. The Swedish concrete industry is therefore examining manufactured sand as an
alternative that has equal or better product quality, and which the Swedish quarry industry already
has the ability to deliver. However, in order to comply with the specifi cations set by the concrete
industry, a better means of classifi cation is needed, as the proportion of fi ne particles (fi ller) smaller
than 63 - 125 μm in size must be reduced. One classifi cation technology that meets the requirements
may be air classifi cation. This paper examines the process of circulating air classifi cation, which is
not yet commonly used in the Swedish quarry industry; suggesting that a better understanding of the
process is needed.
The circulating air classifi er in this study has two internal machine parameters that can affect the
separation point; namely, the speeds of the circulating fan and the separator fan. We study their
effect on the separation point as well as the interaction between these parameters.
Full-scale parameter tests are also conducted, in which size distribution is measured before and
after the circulating air classifi cation. This study shows how the different parameters affect the
separation point and that it is possible to produce manufactured sand according to specifi cations.
Computational fl uid dynamics (CFD, Fluent) is used to study the internal fl ow of the air circulating
within the classifi er. A single-phase study of the fl ow fi eld is conducted to support and explain the
fi ndings from the full-scale tests.
circulating air classifi cation
particle size distribution