Iterative detectors for trellis-code multiple-access
Journal article, 2002
Trellis-code multiple-access (TCMA) is a narrowband
multiple-access scheme based on trellis-coded modulation.
There is no bandwidth expansion, so K users occupy the same
bandwidth as one single user. The load of the system, in number of bits per channel use, is therefore much higher than the load in, for example, conventional code-division multiple-access systems. Interleavers are introduced as a new feature to separate the users. This implies that the maximum-likelihood sequence detector (MLSD) is now too complex to implement. Iterative detectors are therefore suggested as an alternative to the joint MLSD. The
conventional interference cancellation (IC) detector has lower complexity than the MLSD, but its performance is shown to be far from acceptable. Even after a novel improvement of the IC detector, the performance is unsatisfactory. Instead of using IC, another iterative detector is suggested. This detector updates the branch metric for every iteration, and avoids the standard Gaussian approximation. Simulations show that the performance of this detector can be close to single-user performance, even when the interleaver and the phase offset are the only user-specific features in the TCMA system.