Photon Generation in an Electromagnetic Cavity with a Time-Dependent Boundary
Journal article, 2010

We report the observation of photon generation in a microwave cavity with a time-dependent boundary condition. Our system is a microfabricated quarter-wave coplanar waveguide cavity. The electrical length of the cavity is varied using the tunable inductance of a superconducting quantum interference device. It is measured at a temperature significantly less than the resonance frequency. When the length is modulated at approximately twice the static resonance frequency, spontaneous parametric oscillations of the cavity field are observed. Time-resolved measurements of the dynamical state of the cavity show multiple stable states. The behavior is well described by theory. Our results may be considered a preliminary step towards demonstrating the dynamical Casimir effect.

Author

Christopher Wilson

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Martin Sandberg

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Fredrik Persson

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Vitaly Shumeiko

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Applied Quantum Physics

Per Delsing

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Physical Review Letters

0031-9007 (ISSN) 1079-7114 (eISSN)

Vol. 105 23 233907-

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)

Subject Categories

Physical Sciences

Roots

Basic sciences

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.233907

More information

Created

10/8/2017