Induced Circular Dichroism of Benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol 9,10-Epoxide Stereoisomers Covalently Bound to Deoxyribooligonucleotides Used to Probe Equilibrium Distribution between Groove Binding and Intercalative Adduct Conformations
Journal article, 1998
Binding conformations of single anti-BPDE-N-2-dG adducts in oligonucleotides of varying base composition have been studied by induced circular dichroism (ICD). The sign of the ICD around 350 nm of single-stranded oligonucleotide adducts and the sign of an exciton type of CD component at 260 nm in both single strand and duplex farms of adducts correlate with the absolute configuration of the cyclohexyl moiety of the adduct. Changes in magnitude and sign of the ICD around 350 nm were observed upon duplex formation. The results show that adducts displaying external (minor groove) binding characteristics are associated with a significant positive ICD. Conversely, adducts displaying intercalation binding characteristics were found to have a positive or negative ICD. The magnitude of the ICD is dependent on the sequence context and the particular adduct isomer studied. Duplexes with (+)-trans-anti-BPDE-N-2-dG in 5'-d(CCTATCGCTATCC) or 5'-d(CCTATAGATATCC) exhibit a relatively strong positive ICD. In contrast, the duplexes with (+)-trans-anti-BPDE-N-2-dG in 5'-d(CCTATTGCTATCC) and 5'-d(CCTATTGTTATCC) display a small positive and negative ICD, respectively, in both cases suggesting conformational heterogeneity. Partially complementary duplexes (dA, dT, or do) localized opposite the (+)-trans-anti-BPDE-N-2-dG adduct in 5'-d(CCTATCGCTATCC) or 5'-d(CCTATAGATATCC) also demonstrated negative ICD. These results together with light absorption characteristics suggest a preferred conformation of intercalation for the mismatched duplexes. Evidence of an equilibrium between the external and intercalative adduct conformation is provided by the results from the temperature dependence of the near-UV absorption and ICD characteristics of (+)-trans-anti-BPDE-N-2-dG complex in a 5'-d(CCTATAGATATCC) duplex.