Effect of carboxymethylation conditions on the water-binding capacity of chitosan-based superabsorbents
Journal article, 2010
A superabsorbent polymer (SAP) from chitosan was provided via carboxymethylation of chitosan followed by cross-linking with glutaraldehyde and freeze-drying This work was focused on an investigation of the effects of monochloroacetic acid (MCAA) sodium hydroxide and reaction time on preparation of carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) The CMCS products were characterized using FTIR spectroscopy and their degrees of substitution (DS) were measured using conductimetry and FTIR analysis The highest DS value was obtained when the carboxymethylation reaction was carried out using 1 75 g MCAA and 1 75 g NaOH per g of chitosan in 4 h The water solubilities of the CMCS products at various pHs were also evaluated and the results indicated a significant impact of the reaction parameters on the solubility of CMCS The CMCSs with the highest DS value resulted in SAPs having the highest water-binding capacity (WBC) The WBC of the best SAP measured after 10 min exposure in distilled water 09% NaCl solution synthetic urine and artificial blood was 104 33 30 and 57 g/g respectively The WBC of this SAP at pH 2-9 passed a maximum at pH 6.
Water binding capacity
Degree of substitution