Universal Relations for Identical Bosons from Three-Body Physics
Journal article, 2011

Systems consisting of identical bosons with a large scattering length satisfy universal relations determined by 2-body physics that are similar to those for fermions with two spin states. They require the momentum distribution to have a large-momentum 1/k4 tail and the radio-frequency transition rate to have a high-frequency 1/ω3/2 tail, both of which are proportional to the 2-body contact. Identical bosons also satisfy additional universal relations that are determined by 3-body physics and involve the 3-body contact, which measures the probability of 3 particles being very close together. The coefficients of the 3-body contact in the 1/k5 tail of the momentum distribution and in the 1/ω2 tail of the radio-frequency transition rate are log-periodic functions of k and ω that depend on the Efimov parameter.


Eric Braaten

Daekyoung Kang

Lucas Platter

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Subatomic Physics

Physical Review Letters

0031-9007 (ISSN) 1079-7114 (eISSN)

Vol. 106 15 153005-

Subject Categories

Subatomic Physics

Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics


Basic sciences



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