Interactions of intercalative and minor groove binding ligands with triplex poly(dA)•[poly(dT)]2and with duplex poly(dA)•poly(dT) and poly[d(A-T)]2studied by CD, LD, and normal absorption
Journal article, 1996
The binding of 9-aminoacridine and one bis-acridine compound to double helical poly(dA). poly(dT) and poly[d(A-T)](2) and triple helical poly(dA).[poly(dT)](2) has been investigated using linear dichroism (LD) and circular dichroism (CD). A close examination of the negative reduced LD and the induced CD for the first pi --> pi* transition absorption region leads us to conclude that the acridine moiety of the 9-aminoacridine and bis-acridine molecule intercalates with both duplex and tripler DNA. Binding geometries of the acridine moieties in the examined polynucleotides are similar to those found for the ligands with DNA (Hansen et al. (1984) J. Chem. Sec., Chern. Commun., 509-511). It is also found that both 9-aminoacridine and bis-acridine effectively enhance the thermal stability of the tripler DNA. The corresponding spectra for the complexes of the minor groove binders DAPI and Hoechst with poly(dA).[poly(dT)](2) were studied for comparison. They both show a positive LD and a mixing ratio dependent positive CD in the ligand absorption region, similar to those of their duplex complexes. This indicates that these ligands bind in the grooves of the tripler, probably to the one corresponding to the minor groove of the template duplex.