Stemodin-derived analogues with lipid peroxidation, cyclooxygenase enzymes and human tumour cell proliferation inhibitory activities
Journal article, 2011

A series of analogues, derived from the antiviral and cytotoxic diterpene stemodin, were prepared and evaluated for their lipid peroxidation (LPO), cyclooxygenase enzyme-1 (COX-1) and -2 (COX-2), and tumour cell proliferation inhibitory activities. Oxidation of stemodin produced stemodinone, which was then converted to stemod-12-en-2-one. Reaction of the latter under Petrow conditions (bromine; silver acetate/pyridine) yielded mainly dibrominated abeo-stachanes. Solvolysis of the dibromo compounds gave products of hydrolysis, some with rearranged skeleta. In the lipid peroxidation inhibitory assay three of the compounds exhibited prominent activity. Interestingly, all the analogues showed higher COX-1 enzyme inhibition than COX-2. Although a few of the diterpenes limited the growth of some human tumour cell lines, most compounds induced proliferation of such cells.

Tumour cell proliferation

Cyclooxygenase enzyme

Lipid peroxidation



Stemodia maritima L.




Floyd A. Russell

University of the West Indies

Vanisree Mulabagal

Michigan State University

Dwayne R. Thompson

University of the West Indies

Marvadeen A. Singh-Wilmot

University of the West Indies

William F. Reynolds

University of Toronto

Muraleedharan G. Nair

King Saud University

Michigan State University

Vratislav Langer

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Paul B. Reese

University of the West Indies


0031-9422 (ISSN)

Vol. 72 18 2361-2368

Subject Categories

Inorganic Chemistry

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Other Basic Medicine

Structural Biology

Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)

Medicinal Chemistry

Chemical Sciences

Organic Chemistry


Basic sciences



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