Integrated Approach to Demodulation and Decoding of Convolutionally Coded and Orthogonally Modulated DS-CDMA Signals
Paper in proceedings, 2003
The system under study is a convolutionally coded and orthogonally modulated DS-CDMA system in time-varying frequency selective Rayleigh fading channels. After convolutional encoding and block interleaving, information bits are mapped to M- ary orthogonal Walsh sequences. In conventional systems, Mary symbol demodulation and convolutional decoding are conducted separately in the receiver, only hard decisions are passed between these two blocks. In this paper, we propose an integrated scheme based on some soft demodulation and decoding algorithms. Instead of making hard decision on the transmitted M-ary symbols from the received observations, we compute the reliability value for the code bits from which orthogonal symbols are formed. This soft information is then deinterleaved and decoded. The detected bits are fed back to demodulator for channel estimation and multiuser detection. For channel decoding, we use Log-MAP algorithm instead of VA (Viterbi algorithm) for better performance. Maximum achievable performance for the system is obtained by iterating this joint soft demodulation and Log-MAP decoding process. The performance of this strategy is evaluated numerically and proved to significantly outperform the conventional partitioned and hard decision based scheme.