Active muscle response using feedback control of a finite element human arm model
Journal article, 2012

Mathematical human body models (HBMs) are important research tools that are used to study the human response in car crash situations. Development of automotive safety systems requires the implementation of active muscle response in HBM, as novel safety systems also interact with vehicle occupants in the pre-crash phase. In this study, active muscle response was implemented using feedback control of a nonlinear muscle model in the right upper extremity of a finite element (FE) HBM. Hill-type line muscle elements were added, and the active and passive properties were assessed. Volunteer tests with low impact loading resulting in elbow flexion motions were performed. Simulations of posture maintenance in a gravity field and the volunteer tests were successfully conducted. It was concluded that feedback control of a nonlinear musculoskeletal model can be used to obtain posture maintenance and human-like reflexive responses in an FE HBM.

human body model

active muscle

feedback control

finite element

posture maintenance

upper extremity

Author

Jonas Östh

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety

SAFER, The Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre

Karin Brolin

Chalmers, Applied Mechanics, Vehicle Safety

SAFER, The Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre

Riender Happee

Delft University of Technology

Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

1025-5842 (ISSN)

Vol. 15 4 347-361

Areas of Advance

Transport

Subject Categories

Vehicle Engineering

DOI

10.1080/10255842.2010.535523

More information

Latest update

5/14/2018