Reduced State Sequence Detection of Partial Response Continuous Phase Modulation
Journal article, 1991
A reduced state sequence detector (RSSD) which combines decision feedback with Viterbi decoding is proposed for partial response continuous phase modulation (CPM). This detector can successfully be used for both binary and high-level partial response CPM schemes. This detector is analysed by means of minimum Euclidean distance and by simulations of the symbol error probability. It is shown that the phase states in the receiver trellis of the maximum likelihood detector for partial response CPM can be exchanged by decision feedback in the metric calculations. This can be achieved without sacrificing minimum Euclidean distance of the first error event or symbol error probability. This RSSD is most attractive for narrow-band CPM schemes and at most about 2 dB in increased energy efficiency as compared with MSK is possible. Further reductions in number of states is possible, especially for high-level CPM schemes, by reducing the number of correlative states. For the most frequently used CPM schemes this can be done with a very small degradation in error performance. In this class of schemes, a complexity reduction of at least a factor five to ten is possible.