Energy phase shift as mechanism for catalysis
Journal article, 2012

Catalysts are agents that by binding reactant molecules lower the energy barriers to chemical reaction. After reaction the catalyst is regenerated, its unbinding energy recruited from the environment, which is associated with an inevitable loss of energy. We show that combining several catalytic sites to become energetically and temporally phase-shifted relative to each other provides a possibility to sustain the overall reaction by internal 'energy recycling', bypassing the need for thermal activation, and in principle allowing the system to work adiabatically. Using an analytical model for superimposed, phase-shifted potentials of F-1-ATP synthase provides a description integrating main characteristics of this rotary enzyme complex.

rotation

f-1-atpase

generation

f1-atpase

synthase

Author

Tamas Beke-Somfai

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Physical Chemistry

Bobo Feng

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Physical Chemistry

Bengt Nordén

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Physical Chemistry

Chemical Physics Letters

0009-2614 (ISSN)

Vol. 535 169-172

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)

Energy

Life Science Engineering (2010-2018)

Materials Science

Subject Categories

Chemical Sciences

DOI

10.1016/j.cplett.2012.03.039

More information

Created

10/8/2017