Strato-mesospheric ClO observations by SMILES: error analysis and diurnal variation
Journal article, 2012

Chlorine monoxide (ClO) is the key species for anthropogenic ozone losses in the middle atmosphere. We observed ClO diurnal variations using the Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder (SMILES) on the International Space Station, which has a non-sunsynchronous orbit. This includes the first global observations of the ClO diurnal variation from the stratosphere up to the mesosphere. The observation of mesospheric ClO was possible due to 10-20 times better signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio of the spectra than those of past or ongoing microwave/submillimeter-wave limb-emission sounders. We performed a quantitative error analysis for the strato- and mesospheric ClO from the Level-2 research (L2r) product version 2.1.5 taking into account all possible contributions of errors, i.e. errors due to spectrum noise, smoothing, and uncertainties in radiative transfer model and instrument functions. The SMILES L2r v2.1.5 ClO data are useful over the range from 0.01 and 100 hPa with a total error estimate of 10-30 pptv (about 10 %) with averaging 100 profiles. The SMILES ClO vertical resolution is 35 km and 5-8 km for the stratosphere and mesosphere, respectively. The SMILES observations reproduced the diurnal variation of stratospheric ClO, with peak values at midday, observed previously by the Microwave Limb Sounder on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS/MLS). Mesospheric ClO demonstrated an opposite diurnal behavior, with nighttime values being larger than daytime values. A ClO enhancement of about 100 pptv was observed at 0.02 to 0.01 hPa (about 70-80 km) for 50 degrees N-65 degrees N from January-February 2010. The performance of SMILES ClO observations opens up new opportunities to investigate ClO up to the mesopause.

Author

T. O. Sato

Tokyo Institute of Technology

Japan National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

H. Sagawa

Japan National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

D. Kreyling

Japan National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

T. Manabe

Osaka Prefecture University

S. Ochiai

Japan National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

K. Kikuchi

Japan National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

P. Baron

Japan National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

J. Mendrok

Luleå University of Technology

Japan National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

Joachim Urban

Chalmers, Earth and Space Sciences, Global Environmental Measurements and Modelling

Donal Murtagh

Chalmers, Earth and Space Sciences, Global Environmental Measurements and Modelling

M. Yasui

Japan National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

Y. Kasai

Tokyo Institute of Technology

Japan National Institute of Information and Communications Technology

Atmospheric Measurement Techniques

1867-1381 (ISSN) 1867-8548 (eISSN)

Vol. 5 11 2809--2825-

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Subject Categories

Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences

Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Climate Research

DOI

10.5194/amt-5-2809-2012

More information

Latest update

5/14/2018