Description of the European building stock through archetype buildings
Paper in proceedings, 2013

This paper presents a methodology for systematic description of the EU building stock through archetype buildings with the aim to form a basis for analysing the potential for and cost of energy saving measures. The analysis includes the residential and non-residential sectors. Four countries in different climate regions, accounting for about half of the final energy consumption of EU-27 buildings, have been selected for the study, namely: France, Germany, Spain and UK. The number of archetypes per country has been defined corresponding to different categories of building type, construction year, climate region and main fuel source for heating. The accuracy of the description is validated by simulating energy demand with the building stock model ECCABS, and comparing the modelled final energy demand with corresponding data from statistics. The calculated total final energy demand for each country is within -9% and +3 % deviation from available statistics, which is considered satisfactory.

energy demand

EU building stock

energy simulation

archetype buildings

ECCABS model


Erika Mata Las Heras

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

Angela Sasic Kalagasidis

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Building Technology

Filip Johnsson

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Energy Technology

8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES Conference, September 22-27, 2013, Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Building Futures (2010-2018)


Subject Categories

Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology

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