Limit to the radio emission from a putative central compact source in SN1993J â†
Journal article, 2014

The supernova SN 1993J in M 81 is the most extensively studied young radio-luminous supernova in the northern hemisphere. We recently reported results from the analysis of a complete set of very-long-baseline-interferometry (VLBI) observations of this supernova at 1.7, 2.3, 5.0, and 8.4 GHz, covering a time baseline of more than one decade. These results focused on the kinematics of the expanding shock, the particulars of its evolving non-thermal emission, the density profile of the circumstellar medium, and the evolving free-free opacity by the supernova ejecta. In the present paper, we complete our analysis by performing a search for any possible signal from a compact source (i.e., a stellar-mass black hole or a young pulsar nebula) at the center of the expanding shell. We have performed a stacking of all our VLBI images at each frequency, after subtraction of our best-fit shell model at each epoch, and measured the peak intensity in the stacked residual image. Given the large amount of available global VLBI observations, the stacking of all the residual images allows us to put upper limits to the eventual emission of a putative compact central source at the level of ~102 μJy at 5 GHz (or, more conservatively, ~192 μJy, if we make a further correction for the ejecta opacity) and somewhat larger at other wavelengths.

Supernovae: general

Acceleration of particles

ISM: supernova remnants

Galaxies: clusters: individual: M 81

Supernovae: individual: SN1993J

Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal


Ivan Marti-Vidal

Chalmers, Earth and Space Sciences, Onsala Space Observatory

J. M. Marcaide

Universitat de Valencia

Astronomy and Astrophysics

0004-6361 (ISSN) 1432-0746 (eISSN)

Vol. 561 A40

Subject Categories

Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology


Basic sciences


Onsala Space Observatory



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