Raman investigation of degradation and ageing effects in fuel cell membranes
Journal article, 2009

Increased life-time of the proton conducting membrane of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells is the key to improve the endurance of fuel cell stacks. Here we present a Raman spectroscopy investigation of a fully fluorinated sulfonated membrane from a 1500h FC steady-state experiment compared with Nafion┬« membranes aged in hydrogen peroxide and Fenton's solution. The latter approach as an attempt to develop a screening method based on accelerated ageing. In all membranes degradation is evident. The Raman results of the fuel cell tested membrane demonstrate a loss of functional sulfonic acid groups throughout the membrane. The accelerated ageing, on the other hand, results in degradation readily observed: e.g. loss of polymer material, opaque areas, and brittleness. Notably, the relative concentration of functional sulfonic groups stays constant, indicating that the accelerated ageing methods primarily attack the backbone of the membrane. ┬ęThe Electrochemical Society.

Author

Mikael Holber

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Condensed Matter Physics

A. Carlsson

Zentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Wurttembergstiftung (ZSW)

Patrik Johansson

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Condensed Matter Physics

L. Jörissen

Zentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Wurttembergstiftung (ZSW)

Per Jacobsson

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Condensed Matter Physics

ECS Transactions

1938-5862 (ISSN) 1938-6737 (eISSN)

Vol. 25 1 PART 1 807-811

Subject Categories

Materials Chemistry

DOI

10.1149/1.3210633

ISBN

9781566777384

More information

Latest update

6/8/2018 9