Performance Analysis of Distributed Raptor Codes in Wireless Sensor Networks
Journal article, 2013
In this paper, we propose a distributed network coding (DNC) scheme based on the Raptor codes for wireless sensor networks (WSNs), where a group of sensor nodes, acting as source nodes, communicate with a single sink through some other sensor nodes, serving as relay nodes, in a multi-hop fashion. At the sink, a graph-based Raptor code is formed on the fly. After receiving a sufficient number of encoded packets, the sink begins to decode. The main contributions of this paper are the derivation of a bit error rate (BER) lower bound for the LT-based DNC scheme over Rayleigh fading channels under maximum-likelihood (ML) decoding, and the derivations of upper and lower BER bounds for the proposed Raptor-based DNC scheme on the basis of the derived BER bound of LT codes.
wireless sensor networks
Quasi-static Rayleigh fading channel
upper and lower bounds
Distributed network coding