The impact of iridium on the stability of platinum on carbon thin-film model electrodes
Journal article, 2013

Increasing the stability and lifetime of the electrodes is one of the most important factors in order to realise a large scale use of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). By using well-defined thin-film model electrodes, the stability of Pt and Pt on Ir were examined as cathode catalysts in a single cell PEMFC setup. The electrodes were fabricated by evaporating thin layers of Pt and Pt on Ir onto the microporous layer of a gas diffusion layer. The amount of Pt deposited was equivalent to 3 nm (about 6.3 mu g cm(-2)) and the amount of Ir was varied between 1.5 nm and 20 nm (between 3.4 mu g cm(-2) and 45.3 mu g cm(-2)). All samples with Ir showed an increased stability over samples with sole Pt during cyclic corrosion test between 0.6V and 1.2V vs. the reversible hydrogen electrode. For thin layers of Ir, the initial activity for the oxygen reduction reaction was equal to or superior to that of sole Pt but for thicker Ir films it was somewhat lower. Hydrogen underpotential deposition and CO stripping were used to estimate the electrochemical surface area during the experiments and physical characterisation using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to determine the structure of the samples. The results suggest that Ir can stabilise Pt in the cathode electrode. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

IMPROVED DURABILITY

ELECTROCATALYTIC ACTIVITY

Platinum

PT4ZRO2/C CATHODE CATALYST

FUEL-CELL

PEMFC

OXIDE

Iridium oxide

MATERIALS

NANOPARTICLES

PEMFC

Oxygen reduction

SUPPORT

Fuel cell

OXYGEN REDUCTION REACTION

H3PO4 DOPED PBI

Author

M. Wesselmark

Intertek Semko

Björn Wickman

Competence Centre for Catalysis (KCK)

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Chemical Physics

C. Lagergren

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Göran Lindbergh

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Electrochimica Acta

0013-4686 (ISSN)

Vol. 111 152-159

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)

Energy

Materials Science

Subject Categories

Analytical Chemistry

Infrastructure

Nanofabrication Laboratory

DOI

10.1016/j.electacta.2013.07.108

More information

Latest update

4/24/2018