Retrofitting of a listed brick and wood building using vacuum insulation panels on the exterior of the facade: Measurements and simulations
Journal article, 2014

Many old listed buildings have an unsatisfactory thermal performance compared to the standards of today. The listing often limits the position and necessary thickness of an added insulation layer in the building envelope. Vacuum insulation panels (VIP) present unprecedented possibilities to reduce the required thickness of the insulation layer. The aim of this study is to explore the performance of VIP in the retrofitting of listed buildings. The goal is to improve the thermal transmittance and moisture performance of the wall and the thermal comfort for the occupants. Hygrothermal sensors were installed in the wall of a listed building insulated with VIP on the exterior. Sensors were also installed in a neighboring (non-retrofitted) wall as reference. Through a comparative analysis of the measured data it was concluded that the hygrothermal performance of the retrofitted wall was substantially better than of the reference wall. The measurement results were also compared to hygrothermal simulations to quantify the improvements in the thermal transmittance and moisture performance. A deviation was found between the measured and simulated relative humidity in the wall which was explained by vertical air leakage paths in the wall.


Thermal transmittance


Thermal comfort

Vacuum insulation panel



Hygrothermal performance

Listed building



Pär Johansson

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Building Technology

Carl-Eric Hagentoft

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Building Technology

Angela Sasic Kalagasidis

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Building Technology

Energy and Buildings

0378-7788 (ISSN)

Vol. 73 April 2014 92-104

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Building Futures (2010-2018)


Subject Categories

Building Technologies



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