Influence of impurities on the transition from minority to mode conversion heating in (3He)–H plasmas
Paper in proceedings, 2014

Ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) is one of the main auxiliary heating systems used in present-day tokamaks and is planned to be installed in ITER. In the initial full-field phase of ITER operating with hydrogen majority plasmas, fundamental resonance heating of helium-3 ions is one of a few ICRH schemes available. Past JET experiments with the carbon wall revealed a significant impact of impurities on the ICRH performance in (3He)–H plasmas. A significant reduction of the helium-3 concentration, at which the transition from minority ion to mode conversion heating occurs, was found to be due to a high plasma contamination with carbon ions. In this paper we discuss the effect of Be and another impurity species present at JET after the installation of a new ITER-like wall on the transition helium-3 concentration in (3He)–H plasmas. We suggest a potential method for controlling helium-3 level needed for a specific ICRH regime by puffing an extra helium-4 gas to the plasma.

minority heating



mode conversion



Yevgen Kazakov

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Nuclear Engineering

Tünde Fülöp

Chalmers, Applied Physics, Nuclear Engineering

Dirk Van Eester

AIP Conference Proceedings

Vol. 1580 302-305
978-0-7354-1210-1 (ISBN)

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance



Basic sciences

Subject Categories

Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics



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