Current-voltage characteristics of asymmetric double-barrier Josephson junctions
Journal article, 2014
We develop a theory for the current-voltage characteristics of diffusive superconductor-normal metal-superconductor Josephson junctions with resistive interfaces and the distance between the electrodes smaller than the superconducting coherence length. The theory allows for a quantitative analytical and numerical analysis in the whole range of the interface transparencies and asymmetry. We focus on the regime of large interface resistance compared to the resistance of the normal region, when the electron-hole dephasing in the normal region is significant and the finite length of the junction plays a role. In the limit of strong asymmetry we find pronounced current structures at the combination subharmonics of Delta + Delta(g), where Delta(g) is the proximity minigap in the normal region, in addition to the subharmonics of the energy gap 2 Delta in the electrodes. In the limit of rather transparent interfaces, our theory recovers a known formula for the current in a short mesoscopic connector - a convolution of the current through a single-channel point contact with the transparency distribution for an asymmetric double-barrier potential. (C) 2014 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.