Application of Recursive Least Squares Algorithm With Variable Forgetting Factor for Frequency Component Estimation in a Generic Input Signal
Journal article, 2014

Signal estimation is important for protection, system study, and control purposes. This paper deals with the application of a modified recursive least squares algorithm, based on a variable forgetting factor, for estimation of frequency components in a generic input signal. Application areas such as synchronization and control in three- and single-phase systems for various grid conditions as well as estimation of harmonic and subsynchronous components will be discussed. Advantages of the proposed method over the available techniques in terms of estimation speed, frequency selectivity, and noise rejection capability will be described. Finally, simulation and experimental results will be used to evaluate the dynamic performance of the proposed method.

least squares methods

frequency estimation

variable forgetting factor


Adaptive estimation



phase-locked loops (PLLs)


Mebtu Bihonegn Beza

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Electric Power Engineering

Massimo Bongiorno

Chalmers, Energy and Environment, Electric Power Engineering

IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications

0093-9994 (ISSN)

Vol. 50 2 1168-1176

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering



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