Electrochemical characterization of poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoro propylene) based electrospun gel polymer electrolytes incorporating moth temperature ionic liquids as green electrolytes for lithium batteries
Journal article, 2014
A series of gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs) based on electrospun membranes of poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) [P(VdF-co-HFP)] incorporating room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs), 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide complexed with lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) inside (LiTFSI) as electrolytes have been prepared and their fundamental electrochemical properties were investigated. The morphology of electrospun membranes was examined by a field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). The membranes show uniform morphology with an average fiber diameter of 780 nm, high porosity and high electrolyte uptake. GPEs were prepared by soaking the electrospun membranes in 1 M LiTFSI in RTILs for 1 h and exhibit a high ionic conductivity of 2.4 x 10(-3)-4.5 x 10(-3) S cm(-1) at 25 degrees C. A Li/GPEs/LiFePO4 cell using these RTILs delivers high discharge capacity (similar to 140 mAh g(-1)) when evaluated at 25 degrees C at 0.1 C-rate and exhibits a very stable discharge capacity under continuous cycling. Among the GPEs, EMITFSI shows the highest electrochemical properties although the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer was not formed.