Improving Cathodes with a Polymer Interlayer in Reversed Organic Solar Cells
Journal article, 2014

The effects of cathode modification by a conjugated polymer interlayer PFPA1 on the performance of reversed organic solar cells (substrate/cathode/active layer/transparent anode) based on different active material systems and different substrate electrodes are systematically investigated. A reduction of the work function irrespective of the substrate cathode used is observed upon the deposition of the PFPA1 interlayer, which is further related to an improved built-in electric field and open-circuit voltage. The amphiphilic character of the PFPA1 interlayer alters the surface energy of the substrate cathode, leading to the formation of a better active layer morphology aiding efficient exciton dissociation and photocurrent extraction in the modified solar cells. Hence, internal quantum efficiency is found to be significantly higher than that of their unmodified counterparts, while optically, the modified and unmodified solar cells are identical. Moreover, the deep highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) of the PFPA1 interlayer improves the selectivity for all investigated substrate cathodes, thus enhancing the fill factor.

Author

Z. Tang

Linköping University

W. Tress

Linköping University

Q. Y. Bao

Linköping University

M. J. Jafari

Linköping University

J. Bergqvist

Linköping University

T. Ederth

Linköping University

Mats Andersson

Chalmers, Chemical and Biological Engineering, Polymer Technology

Olle Inganäs

Linköping University

Advanced Energy Materials

1614-6832 (ISSN) 1614-6840 (eISSN)

Vol. 4 15 Art. no. 1400643-

Subject Categories

Condensed Matter Physics

DOI

10.1002/aenm.201400643

More information

Latest update

2/28/2018