Sensing or Transmission: Causal Cognitive Radio Strategies with Censorship
Journal article, 2014
This paper introduces a novel opportunistic transmission strategy for cognitive radios (CRs). The primary user (PU) is assumed to transmit in a time-slotted manner according to a two-state Markov model, and the CR is either sensing, that is, obtaining a causal, noisy observation of a primary user (PU) state, or transmitting, but not both at the same time. In other words, the CR observations of the PU are censored whenever the CR is transmitting. The objective of the CR transmission strategy is to maximize the utilization ratio (UR), i.e., the relative number of the PU-idle slots that are used by the CR, subject to that the interference ratio (IR), i.e., the relative number of the PU-active slots that are used by the CR, is below a certain level. We introduce an a-posteriori LLR-based CR transmission strategy, called CLAPP, and evaluate this strategy in terms of the achievable UR for different PU model parameters and received signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). The performance of CLAPP is compared with a simple censored energy detection scheme. Simulation results show that CLAPP has 52% gain in UR over the best censored energy detection scheme for a maximum IR level of 10% and an SNR of -2dB. © 2002-2012 IEEE.