Single-Step Buried Waveguides in Glass by Field Assisted Copper Ion Exchange
Journal article, 1995

Symmetric profile buried waveguides can be fabricated in glass by single-step electromigration of Cu2+ ions from thin solid films. The theory of this process is given. The controllable process needs a molten multi-ionic anode to keep the glass surface background composition unchanged.

electromigration integrated optics ion exchange optical glass optical waveguides optical workshop techniques


Spartak Gevorgian

Department of Microelectronics and Nanoscience

Electronics Letters

0013-5194 (ISSN) 1350-911X (eISSN)

Vol. 26 1 38 - 39

Subject Categories

Condensed Matter Physics

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