Fiber optical parametric amplifiers in optical communication systems
Journal article, 2015

The prospects for using fiber optical parametric amplifiers (OPAs) in optical communication systems are reviewed. Phase-insensitive amplifiers (PIAs) and phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs) are considered. Low-penalty amplification at/or near 1 Tb/s has been achieved, for both wavelength- and time-division multiplexed formats. High-quality mid-span spectral inversion has been demonstrated at 0.64 Tb/s, avoiding electronic dispersion compensation. All-optical amplitude regeneration of amplitude-modulated signals has been performed, while PSAs have been used to demonstrate phase regeneration of phase-modulated signals. A PSA with 1.1-dB noise figure has been demonstrated, and preliminary wavelength-division multiplexing experiments have been performed with PSAs. 512Gb/s have been transmitted over 6,000km by periodic phase conjugation. Simulations indicate that PIAs could reach data rate x reach products in excess of 14,000 Tb/s x km in realistic wavelength-division multiplexed long-haul networks. Technical challenges remaining to be addressed in order for fiber OPAs to become useful for long-haul communication networks are discussed.

fiber nonlinearities

fiber optic communication

parametric amplifiers

phase-sensitive amplification


M. E. Marhic

Swansea University

Peter Andrekson

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Photonics

P. Petropoulos

University of Southampton

S. Radic

University of California

C. Peucheret

Fonctions Optiques pour les Technologies de l'Information

Technical University of Denmark (DTU)

M. Jazayerifar

Technische Universität Berlin

Laser and Photonics Reviews

1863-8880 (ISSN) 1863-8899 (eISSN)

Vol. 9 1 50-74

Phase-sensitive optical parametric amplifiers (PSOPA)

European Commission (FP7), 2012-03-01 -- 2017-02-28.

Subject Categories

Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering



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